Integrative Bio-Systems Design.

Biomass - Compost, Mulch

Organic matter is a product of ecologies and human settlements alike. Humans produce biomass in the form of bodily wastes, faeces, and food scraps.

Waste biomass represents a resource which is very valuable to living creatures. If biomass is mismanaged, it can cause illness and give rise to rampant growth of noxious pests like flies, rats, and cockroaches, who eagerly take advantage of the free meal.

Conventional biomass management usually involves the use of centralised facilities that remove biomass from circulation and treat it with energy-intensive industrial processes. Biomass is thus lost to the site and must be re-introduced or re-developed by pioneer species.

Ecological biomass management, aka eco-sanitation, instead applies small-scale, local biological processes to treat and cycle biomass so that it can be safely re-applied in the form of slurry or manure.

Managed effectively, biomass becomes a source of growth and health, fertilising the soil, improving water infiltration, retention, and supplying vital soil organisms with nourishment. This is the foundation of fertility, and plays a major role in accelerating the growth and succession of biodiverse ecologies.

Here are some effective biomass management systems that can be applied at a building- or settlement-scale:



Waterless composting toilets

Blackwater clarifiers

Greywater systems

Biogas digestors

Muti This

  • Share/Save/Bookmark